The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that works towards eradicating poverty and hunger in developing countries by investing in agricultural development and rural areas. The headquarters of IFAD is located in Rome, Italy, and is governed by an agreement between the Italian government and the UN. This agreement, known as the IFAD Headquarters Agreement, is a crucial document that outlines the legal framework governing IFAD`s operations in Italy.
The IFAD Headquarters Agreement was signed on 15 February 1977, and entered into force on 26 January 1978. The agreement defines the privileges, immunities, and facilities that IFAD and its staff members enjoy under Italian law. The agreement also outlines the relationship between IFAD and the Italian government, including IFAD`s obligations to respect Italian laws and regulations.
One of the key provisions of the IFAD Headquarters Agreement is the immunity that IFAD and its staff members enjoy from legal process. This means that IFAD and its staff members are immune from civil, administrative, and criminal proceedings in Italy, except in cases where the immunity is waived by IFAD or the staff member. This immunity extends to IFAD`s property and assets, which are exempt from taxes and customs duties.
The IFAD Headquarters Agreement also outlines the privileges and facilities that IFAD and its staff members enjoy in Italy, including diplomatic privileges such as the right to use diplomatic bags and immunity from personal arrest or detention. IFAD staff members are also entitled to certain tax exemptions and social security benefits, as well as access to certain forms of medical care.
Overall, the IFAD Headquarters Agreement is a crucial document that ensures that IFAD is able to carry out its mission to fight poverty and hunger in developing countries. The agreement provides IFAD and its staff members with the legal framework and protections necessary to operate effectively in Italy, and contributes to IFAD`s ability to work towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations.